FocusSensei John Kyle teaches respect

Concentration of all energy in an instant on a specific target. Focus is extremely important. Physical, mental, spiritual, all of your consciousness channeled into a single purpose. Faith the size of a mustard seed can move mountains. There was an archery contest. The target was a large fish, the eye of the fish was the bulls eye. All contestants were asked afterwards what they saw of the target. Most contestants described the fish. The winner described the fish's eye.

Tactical

  • Appearance - Appear stronger to cause a pause in opponent. Appear weak to lure opponent into attacking with less than maximum power.
  • Vision Awareness - Choice reaction takes longer than simple reaction. Reflex control - awareness is shifted from small details to larger ones and finally to the whole action, without thought to any single part. Diffuse attention over a wider area helps one to perceive openings quicker. Auditory cues are responded to quicker than visual ones. Combine audio-visual cues but focus on generalities. Cut down unnecessary choice reactions and give opponent a variety of possibilities. For reactions, force opponent into slower choice-reaction. Strategies of distraction, forced hesitation. Blinking. Central vision - eyes are fixed on one point. Peripheral vision - eyes are fixed but the attention is expanded to a wider field of view. It is easier to follow footwork than handwork.
  • Emotion as technique - People body language often mirrors each other. If one is aggressive, the other may become aggressive. If one is friendly, the other may become friendly. If you act casual, the other may loosen up, then you attack.
  • Passing - Everything that moves has momentum. Lure opponent into motion then attack before he can change directions. If his attacking momentum is forward, counter on a diagonal.
  • Rhythm and Timing - Win by changing speed. Force opponent to fight in an unnatural rhythm for him. Advance in accelerated steps: slow - medium - fast, concentrate on your breath. Breathe at varied speeds. Power in your yells and the tone of your yells. The combination of speed and power is necessary to master timing. It is necessary to be able to match your opponent's rhythm. Half-step, half-count, synchronize with the series of your opponent's beat/rhythm. Count the beats then change-up and speed up your count. A master will know the rhythm of an attack before the opponent moves. The counter to this would be not to fight with a fixed rhythm.
  • Distancing - Force your opponent to attack from slightly beyond reach. Make them over reach. Hide your own reach until time to attack.
  • Attack - As your opponent prepares an attack, you move in to attack. Attack without preparation. Don't think, just act. Thinking slows you down. Practice, practice, practice your Kata (form). Traditional age-old forms are not meaningless formality. They are a well-planned, proven, combination of techniques that when practiced relentlessly, become your reaction, your reflex - without thought, in the midst of battle. Know why and what your forms teach you. Then find ways to use it in sparring so that it can become second nature to you.
  • Motion/Relaxation - Tenseness causes wasted motion and excess effort. The change of muscular tension on both sides of the joints determine limits of speed, endurance, power, agility and accuracy. Excessive tension acts as a brake thereby slows and weakens the action. Minimum effort, maximum efficiency. Glide in and out of distance with a minimum of effort and a maximum of deception. Relaxation is a physical state controlled by the mental state. Control thought as well as the action pattern. Perception, practice. Form quality habits. Relax the muscles not the mind or attention.
  • Continuous curved motions require less effort than straight line motions involving sudden and sharp changes in direction.
  • Initiate action unopposed. Do not restrict or control.
  • Easy and natural rhythm.
  • Eliminate hesitation or glicks
  • Coordination - To learn coordination, train the nervous system. Not your muscles. This learning requires practice, repeated action. Do not practice finely skilled movements after you are tired. Do not substitute gross motions for finer ones or generalized efforts for specific ones.
  • Power - Power is related to your center and balance. Power equals force times speed. Force equals one-half the mass times the velocity squared. Faster movements increases power. Speed, flexibility, endurance along with strength leads to excellence in physical ability.

Sparring

  • Watch for telegraphing
  • Time opponent's moves & his breath - attack when he is breathing in (inhaling)
  • Find opponent's moment of helpnessless
  • Take advantage of tendency to reach with spent tools
  • Off balance opponent
  • Be able to attack from the defense
  • Make your blocks as attacks
  • Attack instantaneously